Steven C. Schachter MD


Focal Epilepsy

Epilepsy that causes partial seizures is sometimes called focal epilepsy, because the seizures start at a specific focus or location within the brain. In people with this type of disorder, the electrical charges that cause seizures begin in a specific area in the brain, although more of the brain may become affected…

Questions About Medicines for Epilepsy

While working with your doctor to plan a medicine routine for yourself or your child, it may help you to talk about some of the choices and issues involved. Some of the following questions might help you prepare. How often will I or my child have to take the medicine? Some medicines for epilepsy have to be taken several…

Epilepsy: Tonic Seizures

Tonic seizures are fairly uncommon. They occur mostly in people with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. This is a severe form of generalized epilepsy that begins in early childhood. (Children with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome may also have atonic seizures.) When a tonic seizure occurs, the muscles in the body contract and the entire…

Infantile Spasms (West Syndrome)

Infantile spasms (West syndrome) are muscle spasms that affect a child’s head, torso, and limbs. Infantile spasms usually begin before the age of 6 months. Most children with infantile spasms have below-average intelligence. More than half have severe disabilities. Although an exact cause cannot always be found…

Epileptic Seizures

An epileptic seizure is the body and brain’s response to sudden bursts of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. A seizure may affect a person’s muscle control, movement, speech, vision, or awareness (consciousness). There are two types of seizures. Generalized seizures begin over the entire surface of the brain and…